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Medical Knowledge

The physician fellow will demonstrate increasing, graduated expertise and competence in the following areas:

  • Knowledge of established and evolving biomedical, clinical, epidemiological, and social-behavioral sciences and their application to patient care through knowledge of disease pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapy: the physician fellow must learn to be self-motivated to acquire and share new knowledge.
  • An analytical and evidence-based approach to diagnosis, therapy, etiology, and prognosis: the physician fellow must be in the habit of exploring underlying mechanisms in clinical situations and consistently and effectively applying basic science and clinical principles relevant to internal medicine to the care of patients.
  • Demonstrate growing competence in diagnosing and understanding the etiology of:

    ABPA
    Acid-base balance
    Alveolar proteinosis
    ARDS
    Asthma
    Aspiration
    Bronchiectasis
    Bronchiolitis
    Collagen vascular diseases
    Congenital anomalies
    COPD
    Cor pulmonale
    Cough
    Cystic fibrosis
    Drug-induced lung disease
    Dyspnea
    Emphysema
    Epiglottitis
    Hemoptysis
    Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
    Interstitial lung disease
    Kyphoscoliosis
    Lung abscess
    Lung cancer

    Lung transplant
    Mechanical ventilation
    Mechanisms of hypoxia
    Mesothelioma
    Nosocomial pneumonia
    Occupational lung disease
    Opportunistic lung infections
    Pleural effusion
    Pneumoconiosis
    Pneumonia
    Pneumothorax
    Pulmonary embolism
    Pulmonary edema
    Pulmonary hemorrhage syndromes
    Pulmonary hypertension
    Respiratory failure
    Sarcoidosis
    Sinusitis
    Sleep disordered breathing
    Smoking cessation
    Tuberculosis/atypical mycobacteria
    Upper airway diseases
    Wegener's granulomatosis
  • Understand the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, natural history and principles of management of the following frequently encountered disorders in the critical care unit:
    • Disorders of circulatory flow including hemorrhage, sepsis, acute heart failure, and cardiac arrest.
    • Myocardial injury including early management of acute myocardial infarction and tachyarrhythmias.
    • Acute respiratory failure including hypoxia, hypercapnia, and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
    • Infections and inflammatory disorders including nosocomial pneumonia and sepsis from the abdomen and pelvis.
    • Acid-base disorders including metabolic alkalosis and acidosis.
    • Fluid and electrolyte disorders including acute oliguria, hypertonic and hypotonic syndromes, potassium, calcium, and phosphorus abnormalities.
    • Blood component therapy including erythrocyte transfusions and platelet disorders and replacement.
    • Complications arising from hematologic and oncologic malignancies
    • Conditions commonly following solid and hematologic transplants.
    • Neurological disorders including alterations in mentation, movement, and ischemic insults.
  • Acute management of toxins and their corresponding treatment. Understand the principles of hemodynamic monitoring and treatment in the critical care unit, including:
    • Invasive arterial blood pressure
    • Pulmonary artery catheter
    • Central venous pressure and wedge pressure
    • Thermodilution
    • Vasoactive drugs
  • Understand the principles and management of mechanical ventilation in both the critical care unit and in chronic ventilator facilities:
    • Principles of mechanical ventilation
    • Patterns of assisted ventilation
    • The ventilator-dependent patient
    • Discontinuing mechanical ventilation
  • Understand the principles and management of standard critical care practices in patient care including:
    • Vascular access
    • The indwelling vascular catheter
    • Gastrointestinal prophylaxis
    • Venous thromboembolism prophylaxis
    • Analgesia and sedation
  • Understand and apply the principles of end-of-life care common to the critical care unit including:
    • Assessment of the comatose patient
    • Withdrawal of support
    • Effective communication with family members
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