Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (CAP)-1 Year
The first-year curriculum is implemented experientially through a combination of required clinical rotations across a range of treatment and institutional settings including a child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit, an academic medical center psychiatric outpatient clinic, a private non-profit community mental health center, an academic medical center acute-care pediatric medical surgical consultation service, an academic medical center outpatient pediatric neurology clinic and other specialized community sites.
The clinical experiences provide a graduated and integrated introduction for residents to the knowledge, skill, and attitude objectives of the first-year curriculum in each of the 6 required competency areas. Residents are closely supervised in all clinical activities and faculty members are directly available at all clinical sites. Residents are expected to complete faculty-directed readings before and during the rotation, as well as to undertake independent reading on their cases. Residents are routinely given formative feedback during the course and at the completion of each rotation. Summative feedback is provided by the program director at least twice yearly based upon faculty evaluations and an annual 360-degree assessment process.
The Brattleboro Retreat, Brattleboro, Vermont
Inpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
This is a 3 or 4-month, full-time inpatient rotation during the first training year. Each resident spends time on latency and adolescent age units, under the direct supervision of an attending faculty child and adolescent psychiatrist. The service emphasizes the assessment and care of seriously disturbed children and adolescents ages 3 to 18 who require 24-hour care. There is the opportunity to work with the youth in the residential treatment program and on the transition age LGBTQ specialty unit at Brattleboro as well.
As a member of a clinical team, the resident is typically directly responsible for the care of 4 to 10 patients and is expected to be familiar with all patients being treated by the team. Residents are responsible for completing and documenting comprehensive initial psychiatric evaluations as well as providing on-going care and post-discharge planning for all of their patients.
Residents make daily rounds on all patients on their team and attend regular multi-disciplinary team treatment planning and clinical case conferences.
Residents participate in frequent, daily treatment activities, including individual, group, and family therapies. Residents design and monitor pharmacological treatment plans and work with community providers to coordinate post-discharge treatment. For patients admitted involuntarily or remanded by the juvenile justice system, residents participate in forensic evaluations and appear in court as needed.
Residents continue to spend one day per week at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center for didactic learning, clinical conferences, and supervision.
Mountain Valley Treatment Center, Plainfield, NH
Residential Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
First year child fellows will spend 4 weeks at Mountain Valley Treatment Center (MVTC), a residential treatment program for adolescents with severe anxiety disorders. As a member of the clinical team working closely with the clinical psychologist, child fellows will have the opportunity to learn and participate in the delivery of cutting-edge, evidence-based treatments for anxiety disorders in youth, both in individualized treatment protocols and group settings. They will participate in daily treatment activities, family meetings, team meetings and medication consultations and management. MVTC provides a unique treatment setting where child fellows will gain experience in working with the most severely debilitated youth owing to anxiety disorders.
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatry rotation
This is a longitudinal rotation that spans two years. The amount of time spent seeing outpatients at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center will vary, depending upon contemporaneous rotation assignments, e.g., APC, community mental health center.
When assigned to Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center , residents typically see 2 to 4 new outpatient evaluations per week. New patients are generally seen for 90 minutes, with anywhere from 1 to 3 shorter follow-up visits scheduled as needed. All new cases are seen in a Consultation and Evaluation Clinic with direct faculty supervision. Evaluations are done both live and using tele-video format.
Residents will have on average 6 to 8 additional hours per week of patients for medication management and psychotherapy in addition to evaluations. Over the course of training, this core caseload will include a range of ages, disorders, and treatment modalities. Though the majority of therapeutic services in the section are time-limited, residents are encouraged to accept appropriate long-term treatment cases from colleagues and to work with the program director and supervisors to establish a diversified and balanced caseload. As part of the CAP outpatient experience, residents will also co-lead therapies for children and adolescents and families with faculty psychologists. Specific models integrated into the training program include parent behavioral management training therapies such as helping the non-compliant child, cognitive behavioral therapies including for depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress, and family therapy.
Pediatric consultation rotation
This is a longitudinal rotation that spans the duration of the residency. When residents are based at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center , they rotate on the Pediatric Consultation service. Residents share coverage for the service and function as the “first responder” to consult requests. Typically a resident is assigned for 1- to 2-week blocks to cover these duties.
The core activity of the rotation is responding to requests for psychiatric consultation that originate with the Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center. Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center has an acute care 23-bed inpatient medical/surgical unit, an 8-bed pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and a large outpatient clinic that includes the entire spectrum of pediatric sub-specialty services. The vast majority of requests are from the inpatient service and the PICU, although requests may also come from one of the general or specialized pediatric outpatient clinics and the crisis service. Patients range in age from infancy through adolescence and are referred for evaluation for a wide variety of psychiatric problems, as well as problems with adjustment to medical disability or medical procedures, compliance with medication and separation from family and peers.
Consults are reviewed with an assigned attending faculty member who also interviews the patient and counter-signs resident notes. Residents are responsible for writing a consult note and maintaining follow-up contact with medical staff and with patients as appropriate. Assessment involves clinical interviews of patients, various family members, and medical personnel. Recommendations are provided to the team and family for in-house and post-admission management.
Pediatric Neurology rotation
This first-year rotation is scheduled for a half-day per week for 3 months at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center. Residents are assigned to the Pediatric Neurology outpatient clinic where they participate in new evaluations and follow-ups under the direction of a faculty pediatric neurologist.
At each clinic, residents observe clinical evaluations performed by the faculty neurologist or neurology residents. Cases are then reviewed and discussed. Residents may be expected to perform their own clinical evaluations under faculty supervision.
In addition, residents have cases requiring family therapy, pharmacotherapy, parent guidance, behavioral modification, and cognitive-behavioral treatment. Many clinical services are delivered in specialized clinics, e.g., psychopharmacology, developmental disabilities, with dedicated staff and structured assessment/treatment protocols.
Child Development Clinic
Child Development Clinic and Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry Clinic (NDPC)
The purpose of this rotation is to permit residents to observe and interact with very young children at-risk for motor, speech, cognitive, behavioral, attachment, or other disturbances of early life development. The core activity of this rotation is participation in the Child Development Clinic at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center under the direction of a Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrician. Residents will participate in the information and history gathering and mental status, motor, speech, and developmental examination of children under 5 years of age. CAP-1 residents receive foundation experience in diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in the NDPC setting which is a collaborative effort based in the Department of Psychiatry and staffed by faculty from psychiatry and pediatric developmental neurology. Patients range in age from early infancy through pre-school and are referred for evaluation of known or suspected Autism disorder or in NDPC, a wide variety of developmental problems, both acquired and genetic. The majority of patients are seen in consultation, with a small number in ASD continued in follow-up. In these clinics, residents are paired and have the opportunity to observe and complete an evaluation in each clinic.
During the second year, clinical rotations, didactic seminars, and conferences are designed to build upon and expand residents’ knowledge, skills and attitudes.
The second-year clinical curriculum is based upon 3 principles. The first is continuity of clinical care of patients in outpatient treatment. The second is increased levels of clinical autonomy and responsibility that ultimately approach independent practice. The third is exposure to more complex systems of care in the community, state, and region.
The clinical experiences provide a graduated and integrated opportunity for residents to expand the knowledge, skill, and attitude objectives of the first-year curriculum in each of the 6 required competency areas. Residents continue to be closely supervised in all clinical activities and faculty members are directly available at all clinical sites. Residents are expected to complete faculty-directed readings before and during the rotation, as well as to undertake independent reading on their cases. Residents are routinely given formative feedback during the course and at the completion of each rotation. Summative feedback is provided by the program director at least twice yearly based upon faculty evaluations and an annual 360-degree assessment process.
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatry rotation
Many of the core activities at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center parallel those in the CAP-1 year. CAP-2 residents continue seeing new patients in the Consultation and Evaluation Clinic to broaden the depth and breadth of their evaluation experience. They are, however, granted increased levels of autonomy to see patients without direct supervision.
CAP-2 residents continue with their outpatient treatment cases for medication management and psychotherapy and co-leading time-limited groups for children and adolescents with faculty psychologists. In the CAP-2 year, residents are encouraged to actively and more independently manage their caseload, implement time-limited, empirically-based treatments, integrate care with primary care and direct the processes of transfer and termination.
Autism Spectrum Disorder and Neuro-Developmental Psychiatry Clinics
CAP-2 residents participate weekly in the Autism focused Clinic, the ACC, where they have the opportunity to provide continuity of care for children and adolescents who have been diagnosed with Autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders. This clinic is an advanced experience following on the first year’s NDPC foundational rotation, where residents manage medications and continue to assess and make recommendations for biopsychosocial treatment interventions for children and families. Residents staff each patient interaction and see the patient together with an attending child psychiatrist with expertise in Autism.
Pediatric consultation rotation
In the second year, residents continue seeing patients in consultation on the pediatric inpatient service and in the pediatric intensive care unit. Second-year residents are also expected to take leadership roles in multi-disciplinary meetings with pediatric colleagues and to play a more active role in supporting the pediatric team to formulate a focused consultative question.
West Central Behavioral Health, Claremont, NH and the John H. Sununu Youth Services Center, Manchester, NH
Community mental health outpatient rotation
This is typically a year-long, 1 day per week rotation during the CAP-2 year. Residents are assigned to the Claremont office of West Central Behavioral Health or to the John H. Sununu Youth Services Center in Manchester, NH under the supervision of an on-site faculty child and adolescent psychiatrist. During their day, residents typically have 4 to 5 hours of direct patient contact including a mix of new evaluations and follow-up cases. In addition, there is 1 hour per week of supervision with the on-site faculty member. An important feature of the rotation is participating as a member of the agency’s child and adolescent treatment team and working in collaboration with other providers and disciplines at and in the community. Residents have the opportunity to work with patients requiring complex, multi-agency, and multi-modal treatment plans, including treatment for substance abuse disorders and PTSD.
All residents have the opportunity to dedicate a 1-month block of focused elective time or spread elective time over a block of months in the CAP-2 year to an area of their choosing. The goal is for the resident to invest time and attention in an area of future interest. The specific focus can be clinical, academic, or research-based. More extensive time may be allowed depending on the nature of the project, impact on core residency activities, and funding.
Chief resident rotation
The purpose of the position of chief resident is to provide a supervised experience for one or more CAP-2 resident(s) in more advanced administrative responsibilities, clinical leadership, and teaching within the training program. Supervision is primarily by the program director but may include other faculty as appropriate.
CAP-1 residents who have not yet completed their 4th year of general psychiatry training will share in-house supervisory call with other senior psychiatry residents during their CAP-1 year. The standard has been on average six 24-hour weekend calls divided over the 8 months the CAP-1 resident is based at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center. CAP-2 residents rotate with CAP physician faculty as “child backup” for the in-house adult team. The child backup provides telephone consultation to the in-house resident if requested by the on-call attending when CAP input will improve care for or disposition of a child from the Emergency Department or on the inpatient pediatric service.